ETF vs Index Fund-What are the Difference Between ETF and Index Fund in India-UK-America-Australia-USA-Around World

ETF vs Index Fund – Difference Between ETF and Index Fund

Investors have no idea what distinguished ETF vs Index Fund. They are constantly in search of difference between ETF and Index Fund from mutual funds. If you’re confuse, here’s a simple remedy. There are two ways to invest: actively and passively. Investing in an actively managed fund allows a fund manager to build and manage the portfolio of the fund. You rely on fund managers to select the best stocks and to determine when to buy and sell them.

Passive funds, on the other hand, simply replicate an index, such as the NIFTY 50 or the Sensex, and hold the same number of stocks. There are now two passive investment options. One alternative is to invest in a mutual fund or an index fund. Two, you can invest in an ETF (exchange-traded fund).

Index Mutual Funds Meaning

The performance and composition of an index fund are intend to mimic the performance and composition of an index. Index funds, rather than directly. This is a type of passive investing in which you choose stocks and then follow them without attempting to outperform them. They charge less than actively managed funds because they track an index such as the Nasdaq 100 or the S&P 500. Typically, investing in an index fund is done through a mutual fund that mirrors the index.

Exchange Traded Funds Meaning

ETFs are asset pools that trade similarly to equities. Mutual funds, like common stocks, can be bought and sold on the open market, but they can only be priced at night.

Mutual fund and exchange-traded fund fees are also distinct. Generally, there are no transaction expenses while investing in mutual funds. ETFs, on the other hand, have lower tax and management costs. Due to cost, most passive retail investors choose index mutual funds to ETFs. ETFs are prefer by inactive institutional investors.

According to experts, index funds are less active than value equities. Both are known as secure long-term investments. Value investors are often patient and willing to wait for a good deal. Purchasing securities at a discount boosts your chances of long-term profit. By avoiding popular stocks, value investors aim to outperform the market.

ETF vs Index Fund

There are many different types of mutual funds but people are confuse with few of them. In many ways, ETF vs Index Fund are comparable. Which is the best passive investment option? Let’s look at some of the difference between ETF and Index Fund samples.

Different Methods of Trading

An index fund operates similarly to a mutual fund, whereas an ETF operates similarly to a stock. Because ETFs, like stocks, can be traded on exchanges around the clock. The price of an ETF swings during trading hours.

However, index funds can only be bought or sold at the end of each trading day. Long-term investors should be unconcern. However, ETFs with intraday trading, stop losses, order limits, and other features might help you time the market.

Different Styles of Financial Management

Index funds, unlike ETFs, can only be manage passively. At the moment, 20% of US ETFs are actively manage. As a result, a group of investors is investigating companies and deciding how to construct the ETF’s portfolio, which stocks to buy and sell, and so on.

These active ETFs can be built in a variety of ways. By replicating their portfolios, you can build an ETF that invests like Warren Buffett. Another example of a new ETF is Cathie Wood’s ARK Innovation ETF. Disruptive innovation includes DNA technology, industrial inventors, health tech, and cutting-edge Internet firms. However, not all ETFs are passive. It’s critical to understand.

Different Levels of Liquidity

An Index Fund takes your money and invests it in securities that are similar to the benchmark. There is no actual liquidity risk because the opposite occurs when funds are withdrawn from Index Funds.

However, in the case of exchange-traded funds (ETFs), liquidity may be a concern. Purchasing an ETF is similar to purchasing a stock, as opposed to purchasing an index fund. Assume you want to sell 100 ETF units but no one is interest in purchasing. Affected investors have been unable to sell their ETF shares at the desired price. This is the problem with ETF liquidity.

Different Minimum Investment Amount

The majority of ETFs are purchase in units. An ETF, like a stock, must be purchased in denominations of 10, 20, or 100. As an example of ETF vs Index Fund, if an ETF costs Rs. 40 per unit, you must invest Rs. Index funds, on the other hand, are often purchased at a predetermined price. Your rupees have been place in an Index Fund.

Purchasing Index Fund units necessitates a minimum purchase value of Rs. 100, while certain AMCs necessitate a minimum order value of Rs.

Different Cost-To-Income / Expense Ratio

ETFs and Index Funds have lower expense ratios than traditional funds. This fee is charged by mutual fund companies to manage your money. ETFs are typically less expensive than Index Funds.

For example of ETF vs Index Fund. Suppose HDFC NIFTY 50 ETF has a 0.5 percent direct charge ratio, but the HDFC NIFTY 50 Index Plan has a 0.20 percent direct expense ratio. That’s 0.15 percent higher, or a 300 percent increase over the price of an ETF.

Investing in ETFs incurs two additional costs. The first is your broker’s or trading platform’s commissions. Brokers are typically paid a percentage of the deal or a flat fee each transaction. GST, STT, stamp duty, exchange fees, and SEBI turnover tax are frequently included in this commission or fee.

Different in SIP Accessibility

SIPs (systematic investment plans) are a popular way for ordinary people to invest. Every month, around Rs. 8,000 crore is invested in SIPs. SIP is available with the majority of index funds, but not all ETFs.

The lack of a SIP route for ETFs is a significant disadvantage because it allows investors to participate in the stock market in a disciplined and consistent manner. So, if you want to invest in equities through a systematic investment plan, index funds may be the way to go right now.

Nonetheless, liquidity for a number of ETFs in India is improving. However, liquidity is an issue, particularly for sectoral and smart beta ETFs.

Different Types of Tracking Error

ETFs have lower tracking error than index funds, allowing them to more closely track an index. Because index funds keep cash on hand in case investors want to sell out. This is not require in the case of ETFs.

ETFs, as previously indicated, are traded in the same manner as stocks. Buyers purchase ETFs. It has nothing to do with the AMC. As a result, the liquidity of Index Funds increases the tracking inaccuracy.

In addition, small sums of money in index funds necessitate time investment. This is how index funds save money. Consider investing in an NIFTY 50 Index Fund. The Index is made up of 50 stocks with varied weights. As a result, Index Fund management must invest all capital on a daily basis in accordance with the index.

Assume the fund manager needs Rs. 15 lakh to buy all 50 NIFTY 50 stocks in equal proportions. But then the fund received Rs. 10 lakh. As a result, the fund manager needs save Rs. 5 lakh in order to purchase all 50 NIFTY 50 stocks in proportion to the index.

ETFs do not have this problem. When you invest in ETFs, you purchase units from the market. It is not need to save your money or wait until it has enough to purchase stocks in proportion to the index.

Which is Better – ETF vs Index Fund

ETF vs Index fund are fairly similar. As a result, your decision will be influence by your objectives of investment and preferences.

A disciplined investment strategy may be preferable if you are a long-term investor. The ideal method is to use an index fund plus a SIP. However, if you wish to trade amid volatile market conditions, ETFs may be a better option.

Tactical investors that understand the stock market well frequently trade ETFs for short periods of time, especially when the market falls due to news. These 3% shifts rarely last long, but that doesn’t stop others from trying to take advantage of them.

In fact, the NIFTY 50 has lost more than 3% 93 times in the last 15 years. Traders and gamblers are rushing to buy and sell.

Choosing between an ETF and index fund is essentially a matter of tool selection. ETFs provide lower fees and more options, whilst Index Funds allow investors to trade more simply. Invest in index funds first and foremost. Index funds are the best long-term wealth generators, while ETFs can be use tactically during market surges and falls caused by news.


Understanding the difference between ETF and Index Fund is crucial to investing. We can conclude after learning from ETF vs Index Fund that; ETFs are more adaptable and user-friendly than mutual funds. They are like stocks, are more easily tradable than index funds and traditional mutual funds.